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How to use tailwind css padding, margin and border in your project.

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By Emmanuel Chinonso

Web Developer

As important as CSS margin, padding, and border are, most developers often struggle to understand this concept.

New developers usually use these properties without realizing or acknowledging their importance when rendering items on our page. Although the Tailwind width does not include the margin, padding or borders.

In today’s Tailwind CSS tutorial, we will explain what these properties are, when to use them, and how to use them when we build a project.

Table of content

  • Box model
  • content
  • Tailwind CSS padding
  • Tailwind CSS margin
  • Tailwind CSS border
  • Project using these properties

Box Model

We cannot explain these properties without explaining the box model.

It may not be obvious, especially to new developers, but every HTML element is rendered as a web page box.

You may create an image that is round and a text beside it. When you inspect it, you will see that HTML renders it as a box.

Therefore, a box model is a box that wraps every block-level HTML element on a webpage. This box model is composed of the content, padding, margin, and borders.

Content

The content has to do with the value of the specified HTML element. This could be an h3, an a tag, or even an <img> element.

What is the Padding?

Padding is a property used to create space inside a defined border of an element. It is used to create space around or between the element you created.

Tailwind Padding: What is Tailwind CSS padding?

The next area after the content is the padding area. The padding area is the space between it's content area and its border. Padding uses whole numbers and even percentage to calculate the width of the element you want to style.set padding on an element.

In Tailwind CSS, the padding size is usually set using the shorthand padding and a class of p. Other classes include pb, pt,py,px etc.

The Tailwind padding controls the top, bottom, right, and left space between the content and the border.

However, the tailwind CSS framework offers more default classes for your web development.

You can find all the default padding in Tailwind CSS documentations.

The next thing we will be wondering is when we can use the padding property. You can use it in the following ways.

  • When you don’t want your content to touch the edges of the container
  • When you want to increase a content block’s size without making the content itself bigger
  • When you need space between an inner element and the parent box
  • When you want the background of the element to display in the produced gap

The next thing you might be asking yourself is what if the Tailwind padding is not working. Well, you can easily check whether your tailwind padding is working on your web browser developer tool.

Tailwind padding Percentage

Determining the padding percentage you wish to add to your element can be a bit tricky. I will be helping you out. if for example your #demo is 650px wide, 10% padding will be equal to 0.1 × 650 pixels = 65 pixels. You can easily use this by adding a square bracket that contains the css value (e.g. [10%]) to the prefix such as p- for padding.

How do you give padding in Tailwind?

Adding Tailwind padding to your Project is not as hard as you may think. All you have to do is to add the classes to the element that you wish to control its space and you are done. You can see an example below.

Tailwind padding between

As you are aware padding is a utility in Tailwind used to control space around an element. Tailwind padding between is used to control the space between child elements.

Tailwind Padding in a single side

This utility helps to control the padding on one side of the element. we can see example of these on the image below.

Tailwind padding project

We are going to build a text element. It will be represented in block form, and we can see the effect of Tailwind padding on these block. You can also check out this blog to learn how to set up your tailwind the easy way

Code:

html
<body class="flex flex-row">
<div class=" bg-gray-300 pr-8 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-300 pt-8 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-300 pb-8 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-300 pl-8 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
</body>

Tailwind CSS

Tailwind CSS margin

Tailwind CSS margin area is shown by a margin edge that is invisible around the border area. The margin separates elements from other elements.

Manipulating these areas gives the different elements the space their need to appear well on the webpage. If you don’t apply margins to your elements there will appear joined together.

In Tailwind CSS, the margin property is usually denoted with the shorthand margin and class ml. Other classes include mb, mr, mt my, mx etc.

You can check other classes and their properties in the Tailwind CSS documentation. The margin property can be used in the following ways

  • When you need space around elements, such as separating a photo and words describing it
  • When you want to center an element horizontally
  • When you want to overlap elements
  • When you want to move an element up, down, or side to side.

How do you give margin in Tailwind?

This Tailwind CSS utility controls the margin of any element. This simply controls positioning of an element

How do you add a margin in Tailwind?

Giving a margin to an element is simple. All you have to do is to assign the value of the CSS (e.g.[3]) with the prefix m- to the element you wish to style. You can see some example of these on the project below.

Code:

html
<div class="flex flex-row">
<div class=" bg-gray-400 m-3 pt-4 rounded-lg"><span class="mt-8 bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-400 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="mr-8 bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-400 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="mb-8 bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
<div class=" bg-gray-400 m-3 rounded-lg"><span class="ml-8 bg-green-200">Target</span></div>
</div

The project we created will look like the image below.

Tailwind CSS Margin

Tailwind CSS border

The border acts as a shield or edge for the box wrapped around every block-level HTML element. You can see the border of any element by adding the property border to your style.

In Tailwind CSS, you add classes to make your border-spaciing visible on an HTML block-level element. We all know that all HTML elements are block-level even if it doesn’t appear that way. The classes available in Tailwind CSS, along with their properties, are

ClassProperties
Border-solidborder-style: solid;
Border-dashedborder-style: dashed;
Border-dottedborder-style: dotted;
Border-doubleborder-style: double;
Border-noneborder-style: none;

The border property is usually used when you wish to control the border styles.

What is Tailwind border?

This utility is in charge of controlling the border of an element. When you create an element, it comes with a border and so this utility allows you to control the border radius, border width and border color of this element.

Tailwind border radius

Tailwind border radius has to do with controlling the radius of an element using this utility.

How do you give a border radius in Tailwind ?

Giving a border radius in Tailwind is as easy as adding the classes such as rounded-xl, .rounded-md, .rounded-lg, rounded-2xl , rounded-sm etc to your element.

Tailwind border style

The Tailwind border style utility is essential especially if you want to make a jaw dropping design on your application.

There are many classes avaliable to use here. This utility simply allows you to style your border elements. Some of these classes include border-solid , border-dotted , border-double, border-dashed etc.

Tailwind border Width

The Tailwind border width is a class that controls the border width of an element. You can make use of some of these classes .border-t-0, .border-y-8, border-y-2, border-r-8, .border-l-2, border-b-8 etc., to control the border width of your element.

The Tailwind border top class controls the border width top of your element while the Tailwind border right controls the right border width of your element.

You can see some of the application of these classes on the project below. You can check our blog on setting up your first project using tailwind css

Code

html
<div class="border-soild border-4 border-gray-600 bg-gray-300 px-4 py-4 m-2 rounded-lg"></div>
<div class="border-dashed border-4 border-gray-600 bg-gray-300 px-4 py-4 m-1 rounded-lg"></div>
<div class="border-dotted border-4 border-gray-600 bg-gray-300 px-4 py-2 m-1 rounded-lg"></div>
<div class="border-double border-4 border-gray-600 bg-gray-300 px-4 py-2 m-1 rounded-lg"></div>
<div class="border-none border-4 border-gray-600 bg-gray-300 px-4 py-2 m-1 rounded-lg"></div>

our Tailwind Border project should look like the image below

Tailwind CSS border

Conclusion

At the end of today’s Tailwind CSS, we showed you how important Tailwind CSS Margin, padding, and the border spacing are to a developer.

We also explained what they are and showed the classes available in Tailwind CSS padding, Tailwind margin, and border spacing tailwind. I hope you can use the Tailwind CSS border spacing, padding, and margin better now.

Resources

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