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How to use tailwind css padding, margin and border in your project.

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By Emmanuel Chinonso

Web Developer

As important as CSS margin, padding, and border are, most developers often struggle to understand this concept. New developers usually use these properties without realizing or acknowledging their importance when rendering items on our page. In today’s Tailwind CSS tutorial, we will explain what these properties are, when to use them, and how to use them when we build a project.

Table of content

  • Box model
  • content
  • Tailwind CSS padding
  • Tailwind CSS margin
  • Tailwind CSS border
  • Project using these properties

Box Model

We cannot explain these properties without explaining the box model.

It may not be obvious, especially to new developers, but every HTML element is rendered as a web page box.

You may create an image that is round and a text beside it. When you inspect it, you will see that HTML renders it as a box.

Therefore, a box model is a box that wraps every block-level HTML element on a webpage. This box model is composed of the content, padding, margin, and borders.

Content

The content has to do with the value of the specified HTML element. This could be an h3, an a tag, or even an <img> element.

CSS Padding

The next area after the content is the padding area. The padding area is the space between its content area and its border.

In Tailwind CSS, the padding size is usually set using the shorthand padding and a class of p. Other classes include pb, pt,py,px etc.

The Tailwind CSS padding controls the top, bottom, right, and left space between the content and the border.

However, the tailwind CSS framework offers more default classes for your web development. You can find all the default padding in Tailwind CSS documentations.

The next thing we will be wondering is when we can use the padding property. You can use it in the following ways.

  • When you don‚Äôt want your content to touch the edges of the container
  • When you want to increase a content block‚Äôs size without making the content itself bigger
  • When you need space between an inner element and the parent box
  • When you want the background of the element to display in the produced gap

Tailwind CSS margin

Tailwind CSS margin area is shown by a margin edge that is invisible around the border area. The margin separates elements from other elements.

Manipulating these areas gives the different elements the space their need to appear well on the webpage. If you don’t apply margins to your elements there will appear joined together.

In Tailwind CSS, the margin property is usually denoted with the shorthand margin and class ml. Other classes include mb, mr, mt my, mx etc.

You can check other classes and their properties in the Tailwind CSS documentation. The margin property can be used in the following ways

  • When you need space around elements, such as separating a photo and words describing it
  • When you want to center an element horizontally
  • When you want to overlap elements
  • When you want to move an element up, down, or side to side.

Tailwind CSS border

The border acts as a shield or edge for the box wrapped around every block-level HTML element. You can see the border of any element by adding the property border to your style.

In Tailwind CSS, you add classes to make your border visible on an HTML block-level element. We all know that all HTML elements are block-level even if it doesn’t appear that way. The classes available in Tailwind CSS, along with their properties, are

ClassProperties
Border-solidborder-style: solid;
Border-dashedborder-style: dashed;
Border-dottedborder-style: dotted;
Border-doubleborder-style: double;
Border-noneborder-style: none;

The border property is usually used when you wish to control the border styles.

Project using these properties

At this point in our Tailwind CSS tutorial, we will build a frame box showing the properties of the border, margin, and padding in action.

The first step is to install Tailwind CSS in your project. We covered that aspect in our previous articles. You can check them out.

Padding, border and margin

We are going to build a text element. It will be represented in block form, and we can see the effect of padding and border.

Code:

1<head>
2    <meta charset="UTF-8">
3    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
4    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
5    <title>Margin, padding and border effect</title>
6    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
7</head>
8
9<body class="text-center">
10    <h1 class="text-center text-purple-500 text-5xl font-bold">
11        DEVWARES
12    </h1>
13    <div class="flex justify-center">
14        <div class="p-4 bg-purple-300 w-24 h-24">
15            <div class=" border-2 border-purple-800  bg-purple-600 w-30 h-30"> padding and border</div>
16        </div>
17</body>
18
19</html>

The project we created will like the image below

Tailwind CSS in React

The next one is building the effect of margin

Code:

1<head>
2    <meta charset="UTF-8">
3    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
4    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
5    <title>Margin, padding and border effect</title>
6    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
7</head>
8
9<body class="text-center">
10    <h1 class="text-center text-purple-500 text-5xl font-bold">
11        DEVWARES
12    </h1>
13    <div class="flex justify-center">
14        <div class="m-8 bg-purple-300 w-24 h-24">
15            <div class=" m-4 border-2 border-purple-800  bg-purple-600 w-30 h-30">margin and border</div>
16        </div>
17    </div>
18</body>
19
20</html>

The project we created will look like the image below.

Tailwind CSS in React

Conclusion

At the end of today’s Tailwind CSS, we showed you how important Tailwind CSS Margin, padding, and the border are to a developer.

We also explained what they are and showed the classes available in Tailwind CSS padding, margin, and border. I hope you can use the Tailwind CSS border, padding, and margin better now.

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