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How to create Beautiful Bootstrap Tabs in Bootstrap 5

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By Amarachi Iheanacho

Technical Writer

Bootstrap 5 Tabs are small pieces of a clickable area that help the user navigate different web pages in a single window. They are considered excellent User Interface control as they are an efficient tool in handling a large amount of web content at a time.

Bootstrap 5 Tabs allows you to switch options in a program, separate documents. They act as a link in that the tab a user is currently on is usually highlighted.

Table Of Contents

  • What are we building?
  • Prerequisites
  • What is Contrast?
  • Creating our Bootstrap 5 Tabs
  • The Default Tabs
  • Tabs Justified
  • Tabs Fill
  • Tabs Vertical
  • Conclusion
  • Resources

What we are building

In this article, we will walk through building Bootstrap 5 tabs with the bootstrap library Contrast.

We are going to build a navigation bar just like the image we have below.

Bootstrap 5 Tabs

Prerequisites

To make the most of this article, you have the following:

  • A basic understanding of HTML.
  • A basic understanding of CSS.

What is Contrast and why?

Contrast or Contrast Design Bootstrap is an elegant bootstrap UI kit featuring over 2000+ essential components. Contrast helps simplify the web development process and can be integrated with any project to build mobile-first, responsive, and elegant websites and web apps. With predefined styles, you can now create web pages faster than ever.

Installing the Contrast library CDN

Contrast Bootstrap allows us to use predefined styles, accessed with the contrast library class names. To be able to use this style in our HTML project, we need to install the Contrast Bootstrap library by adding the CDNs

We include the CSS CDN responsible for the Bootstrap styling in the <head> in our HTML file.

html
<link
rel="stylesheet"
href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css"
/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/css/cdb.min.css" />

After including the CSS CDN, we include the JavaScript CDN links at the bottom of our project in the <body>. We do this because we want the components to load before adding the interactive functionality that JavaScript gives us.

html
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/popper.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/cdb.min.js"></script>

After adding both the CSS and JavaScript CDNs, our HTML file should look like this.

html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<link
rel="stylesheet"
href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css"
/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/css/cdb.min.css" />
<title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/popper.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/cdbootstrap/js/cdb.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

Creating our Bootstrap Tabs

With Contrast Bootstrap, we can create four different types of tabs:

  • The Default Tab
  • Tab Justified
  • Tabs Fill
  • Tabs Vertical

In this article, we are going to discuss building these four kinds of tabs.

The Default Tab

To create our Bootsrap 5 tabs, we make use of the following HTML elements:

  • <ul></ul>, ul, which stands for the unordered link, is used to group links without numbers (e.g., bullet points, hyphens, etc.).
  • <li></li> this represents a list item in the group list (<ul></ul>). In this, we embed links and icons tags so that our links can have them.
  • <a href= ""></a> for links, use the href attribute to pass the link as a parameter.
  • <i></i> this tag is used to put icons in our project.
html
<ul class="nav nav-tabs mb-3" id="ex1" role="tablist">
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link active"
id="ex1-tab-1"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex1-tabs-1"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex1-tabs-1"
aria-selected="true"
>Tab 1</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex1-tab-2"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex1-tabs-2"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex1-tabs-2"
aria-selected="false"
>Tab 2</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex1-tab-3"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex1-tabs-3"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex1-tabs-3"
aria-selected="false"
>Tab 3</a
>
</li>
</ul>
<div class="tab-content" id="ex1-content">
<div
class="tab-pane fade show active"
id="ex1-tabs-1"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="ex1-tab-1"
>
Tab 1 content
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex1-tabs-2" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex1-tab-2">
Tab 2 content
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex1-tabs-3" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex1-tab-3">
Tab 3 content
</div>
</div>

Our Bootstrap 5 Tab should look like the image below:

Bootstrap 5 Tabs;

Tabs Justified

Use the nav-justified class to stretch the tab container from one end of the web page.

html
<ul class="nav nav-tabs nav-justified mb-3" id="ex1" role="tablist">
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link active"
id="ex3-tab-1"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex3-tabs-1"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex3-tabs-1"
aria-selected="true"
>Link</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex3-tab-2"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex3-tabs-2"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex3-tabs-2"
aria-selected="false"
>Very very very very long link</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex3-tab-3"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex3-tabs-3"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex3-tabs-3"
aria-selected="false"
>Another link</a
>
</li>
</ul>
<div class="tab-content" id="ex2-content">
<div
class="tab-pane fade show active"
id="ex3-tabs-1"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="ex3-tab-1"
>
Tab 1 content Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque
minima mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex3-tabs-2" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex3-tab-2">
Tab 2 content Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque
minima mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex3-tabs-3" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex3-tab-3">
Tab 3 content Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque
minima mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
</div>

Our Bootstrap 5 Tabs Justified should look like the image below:

Bootstrap 5 Tabs;

Tabs Fill

html
<ul class="nav nav-tabs nav-fill mb-3" id="ex1" role="tablist">
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link active"
id="ex2-tab-1"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex2-tabs-1"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex2-tabs-1"
aria-selected="true"
>Link</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex2-tab-2"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex2-tabs-2"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex2-tabs-2"
aria-selected="false"
>Very very very very long link</a
>
</li>
<li class="nav-item" role="presentation">
<a
class="nav-link"
id="ex2-tab-3"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#ex2-tabs-3"
role="tab"
aria-controls="ex2-tabs-3"
aria-selected="false"
>Another link</a
>
</li>
</ul>
<div class="tab-content" id="ex2-content">
<div
class="tab-pane fade show active"
id="ex2-tabs-1"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="ex2-tab-1"
>
Tab 1 content
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex2-tabs-2" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex2-tab-2">
Tab 2 content
</div>
<div class="tab-pane fade" id="ex2-tabs-3" role="tabpanel" aria-labelledby="ex2-tab-3">
Tab 3 content
</div>
</div>

Our Bootstrap 5 Tabs Fill should look like the image below:

Bootstrap 5 Tabs;

Tabs Vertical

The Tabs Vertical changes the orientation of the tabs to vertical. To do so, give the div element containing your tab component a class of row, and change the direction of the individual div element located in the container an aria-orientation = "vertical".

html
<div class="row">
<div class="col-3">
<div
class="nav flex-column nav-tabs text-center"
id="v-tabs-tab"
role="tablist"
aria-orientation="vertical"
>
<a
class="nav-link active"
id="v-tabs-home-tab"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#v-tabs-home"
role="tab"
aria-controls="v-tabs-home"
aria-selected="true"
>Home</a
>
<a
class="nav-link"
id="v-tabs-profile-tab"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#v-tabs-profile"
role="tab"
aria-controls="v-tabs-profile"
aria-selected="false"
>Profile</a
>
<a
class="nav-link"
id="v-tabs-messages-tab"
data-toggle="tab"
href="#v-tabs-messages"
role="tab"
aria-controls="v-tabs-messages"
aria-selected="false"
>Messages</a
>
</div>
</div>
<div class="col-9">
<div class="tab-content" id="v-tabs-tabContent">
<div
class="tab-pane fade show active"
id="v-tabs-home"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="v-tabs-home-tab"
>
Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque minima
mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
<div
class="tab-pane fade"
id="v-tabs-profile"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="v-tabs-profile-tab"
>
Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque minima
mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
<div
class="tab-pane fade"
id="v-tabs-messages"
role="tabpanel"
aria-labelledby="v-tabs-messages-tab"
>
Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptates, doloremque minima
mollitia sapiente illo ut harum fugit explicabo error perspiciatis at cumque nisi eaque
commodi culpa est sed ad amet.
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>

Our Bootstrap 5 Tabs Vertical should look like the image below:

Bootstrap 5 Tabs;

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed Bootstrap tabs and why a user might need a bootstrap tab to be present on a web page. We then walked through building different types of bootstrap tabs using Contrast.

Resources

You may find this resource useful.

Trying to build out all user interfaces and components for your website or web app from scratch can become a very tedious task. A huge reason why we created Contrast Bootstrap to help reduce the amount of time we spend doing that, so we can focus on building some other aspects of the project. Contrast Bootstrap PRO consists of a UI Kit featuring over 10000+ component variants. Together with a template of 5 admin dashboards and 23+ additional multipurpose pages template for building almost any type of website or web app. You can view a demo and learn more about Contrast by clicking here.Download the free react template

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Contrast Bootstrap PRO was built using the most popular CSS framework Bootstrap to help build your next landing, admin SAAS, prelaunch etc project with a clean, prebuilt and well documented template and UI components.Learn more about Contrast

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