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Tailwind animation-How to create Tailwind CSS Animation

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By Emmanuel Chinonso

Technical Writer

Web Animations make your websites come alive, when done properly they capture users' attention and make for an immaculate user experience.

Web Animations have become the norm recently as developers are constantly making use of animations on their projects to make their applications interactive.

This has made many companies and websites adopt this technology on their website and applications.

When you click a button or open a website, and there are movements on the site, you look at an amination.

In the present day, anything from a cartoon to Japanese anime is considered animation. With simple CSS and JavaScript, you can create amazing animations.

As evident as the pros to incorporating animations in your projects are, animations can prove to be really difficult to build out from scratch.

However, with Tailwind CSS we do not need to build from scratch as we get access to the styling we want out of the box by using the Tailwind CSS classes.

In this tailwind CSS tutorial, we are going to look at

  • What is Animation
  • How to create Tailwind Animation.
  • How to use customized animation in Tailwind CSS.

Table of Content

  • What is Animation
  • Prerequisite
  • How to create Tailwind CSS Animation.
  • How to use customized animation in Tailwind CSS.
  • Conclusion

What is Animation

Animations are used to make elements move from one position to another over a period of time on your website. Aminations are often, at times, triggered by events such as scrolling, and loading of webpages or applications. In this Tailwind CSS tutorial, we will look at how to use the tailwind CSS animation.

How do you animate with tailwind CSS

Adding animation with Tailwind is as easy as simply appending the class animate- to the element you wish to animate. Tailwind CSS also offers some default animations such as

  • Animate-spin
  • Animate-bounce
  • Animate-ping
  • Animate-pulse

As their name implies, we will use all of this default utility class animation to build a website loader.

At the end of the tailwind CSS tutorial, our project will look like the image below.

Tailwind CSS Animations

Prerequisite

In order to make the most of this Tailwind CSS tutorial, you need the following

  • Basic Knowledge of HTML and CSS animations.
  • Tailwind CSS installed in your project. To figure out how to do this, you can check out our article on installing Tailwind CSShere.

Tailwind animation: Building our Loader

Before we jump right in, it is imperative that you link your Tailwind CSS stylesheet to your HTML. Just like the code below

js
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">

Your project's HTML head should be like this

js
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
<title>Website loader</title>
</head>

We can go ahead to build our loader. To make our loader as rich as possible, we will create four different kinds of animations with four different TailwindCSS animation classes.

html
<body class="flex justify-center items-center bg-white-900 h-screen">
<div class="bg-white flex space-x-2 p-5 justify-center items-center">
<div class="m-auto ml-10 h-20 w-20 bg-blue-900 p-2 animate-spin"></div>
<div class="m-auto ml-10 h-20 w-20 bg-purple-500 p-2 animate-ping"></div>
<div class="m-auto ml-10 h-20 w-20 bg-green-600 p-2  animate-bounce"></div>
<div class="m-auto ml-10 h-20 w-20 bg-blue-500 p-2 animate-pulse"></div>
</div>
</body>

We use class names for our divs to affect different properties of our div element. These class names are:

  • m-auto, centers your div horizontally. Offers the same functionality as the native CSS margin: auto.
  • ml-10, gives your div a margin-left of 10px. Offers the same functionaliity as the native CSS margin-left: 10px .
  • h-20, defines the height of your div. Offers the same functionality as the native CSS height: 20px .
  • w-20, defines the width of your div. Offers the same functionaliity as the native CSS width: 20px .

The Tailwind animation classes we use to define the animation we want in our project are :

  • animate-spin,gives your element a linear spin animation.
  • animate-ping, makes the element scale and fade out.
  • animate-bounce, this gives your element the illusion of bouncing.
  • animate-pulse, this makes your element gently fade in and out.

Our animated loader should look like the image below.

Tailwind CSS Animations

How do I add Custom Animation to Tailwind?

Tailwind CSS animations are not limited to only the animations mentioned above, you have the freedom to create more complex, and more interesting Tailwind animation plugins. You can even increase your tailwind animation speed. Asides from the div element we could animate other HTML elements, an example would be to animate the button element to make them more responsive.

With the Tailwind CSS animation, you can customize your animation to better suit your needs. You can easily customize your Tailwind animation by visiting the configuration file.

In this configuration file, you can add, remove, and change animations in the tailwind.config.js file. We define the animation behavior in the animation section of the module.exports object.

js
module.exports = {
theme: {
extend: {
animation: {
'spin-slow': 'spin 3s linear infinite',
},
},
},
};

You can also use @keyframes to define animations not already created in native CSS.

js
// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
theme: {
extend: {
keyframes: {
wiggle: {
'0%, 100%': { transform: 'rotate(-3deg)' },
'50%': { transform: 'rotate(3deg)' },
},
},
},
},
};

With the @keyframes we define the Tailwind animation for when it is 0% and 100% complete, we want to rotate the element 3 degrees left, and when it is 50% complete we want to rotate the element 3 degrees right.

After creating the animation we can reference the wiggle animation in the animation section of our module.exports object. You can check out the animation documentation.

js
module.exports = {
theme: {
extend: {
animation: {
wiggle: 'wiggle 1s ease-in-out infinite',
},
},
},
};

Once you have added your custom animation, remember to run npm run build to build it to your CSS.

Conclusion

In this article, we learned what a web animation is, and how to animate elements and create custom Tailwind animation. We used this knowledge to create loaders in our applications.

Resources

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