HTML Tables, Classes and Ids


By Emmanuel Chinonso

Web Developer

HTML Table

A HTML table is defined with the <table> tag. This allows HTML to arrange words in tabular form. Each table row is defined with the <tr> tag.

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A table header is defined with the <th> tag. By default, the headings are bold and centered. A table data/cell is defined with the <td> tag.

HTML Code:

<table style = “width:100%>
<th> LastName </th>
<th> FirstName </th>
<th> Age </th>
<td> William</td>
<td> Sam</td>
<td> 30 </td>

Adding a border

You can add a border using a CSS border property to the table.

CSS Code:

Table, th, td {
Border: 1px solid black;

Don’t worry we are going to explain better in our CSS tutorial.

HTML Classes

The class attribute is used to specify a class for an HTML element. It is common to find multiple HTML elements sharing the same class.

HTML Code:

.cities {
Color: white;
Margin: 20px
Padding: 20px
<div class = “cities”>
<h2> London</h2>
<p> London is the capital of England </p>
<div class= “cities”>
<h2> Paris </h2>
<p> Paris is the capital of France </p>

HTML Id attribute

This is used to specify a unique id in an HTML document. It is used to point specific style declarations in a style sheet. Javascript also uses it to access and manipulate or change the element with the specific ID.

The syntax is written with a hash character "#" followed by an id name.

HTML Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
Color: black;
Padding: 40px;
Text-align: center;
<h1 id= “myHeader”>my Header</h1>

Difference between id and class

The difference lies in how they are used. A class name can be used by multiple HTML elements, while one HTML element within the page must only use an id name.


In this article, we discussed how to create tables on your webpage using HTML.

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