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All you need to know about Bootstrap 5

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By Emmanuel Chinonso

Web Developer

Now that Tech is proliferating, it is essential to learn web development. If you are already learning web development, you must have heard of the bootstrap technology, especially the latest bootstrap 5.

What is Bootstrap?

Bootstrap is a CSS framework that functions as a responsive, mobile-first front-end web development. It is also free and open source. You might ask for you need a framework. The answer to that is no. Not really, but it helps to make your work easier and fast. And you get to avoid a lot of repetitive stuff. It is essential for both newcomers and experienced developers so you can focus on the functionality of your web or app.

Features of Bootstrap with added Bootstrap 5 new features.

With the arrival of Bootstrap 5 alpha. It open doors to some features that make Bootstrap a leading front-end developing tool. We shall discuss the already existing features found in Bootstrap.

Easy to use

Bootstrap 5 is very easy to use as anyone with basic knowledge of HTML and CSS can use it

Responsive features

Bootstrap's responsive features allow for you to have CSS adjusts to mobiles, tablets, and desktops.

Mobile-Friendly

Bootstrap is very mobile friendly as its version 3 focus on that.

Simple Integration

It is simple to integrate Bootstrap and other platforms and frameworks on existing sites and new ones. An element of Bootstrap can be used along with your CSS.

Pre-styled Components

Bootstrap has already pre-styled components for bars, alerts, dropdowns, etc.

Customizable Bootstrap

In the previous version, Bootstrap 5 extends on the Bootstrap 4 customisable docs with the more theming page with content and code snippet for building on top of Bootstrap's source sass file. The colour palette was also expanded in bootstrap 5, allowing you to customise your app without leaving the codebase quickly.

Great grid system

In the new Bootstrap 5 stable version, the grid system introduces the XXL features and the already existing 12 column grid system. It also has some notable changes like:

  • The gutter classes have been replaced with .g* utilities.it also comes with additional features to the gird gutter spacing.
  • Form layer options have been replaced with the new gird system.
  • Vertical spacing has been added.

Bundled JavaScript plugins

In Bootstrap 5 new components, the JavaScript is more easily understandable, and it bridges the gap between bootstrap 4 and bootstrap 5. The toggle state that used a bulk of HTML and CSS to make buttons plugin was also dropped. The toggle buttons are now powered by checkboxes and radio buttons which are more reliable.

Extensive list of components

Bootstrap has an extended list of components pre-styled. These include; Button Groups, Navigation Bar, Breadcrumbs, Labels & Badges, Alerts, Progress Bar, And many others.

Base styling for most HTML elements

Bootstrap provides basic styling for your HTML element. These elements include; Typography Code, Tables, Forms, Buttons, Images, Icons.

Good documentation

Bootstrap is also known to provide excellent documentation with examples and demo, making it easy for anyone to use, even a beginner.

New SVG Icon Library

Bootstrap 4 offered no library for icons as developers were forced to use font awesome for their icons. While in In Bootstrap 5, the SVG icon library is introduced, making it possible to make your icons and use them in your projects.

Utilities API

Utilities were introduced in Bootstrap. These allowed you to control and customise the page with the global ‘$enable-*’ classes in bootstrap 4. In Bootstrap 5, API is introduced to the utilities. These added features also allow developers to create their API or even remove or modify utilities with this API based approach.

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Conclusion

One of the frustrating things for web developers is doing some repetitive work. It makes the job a lot more difficult for them. Bootstrap has allowed developers to solve this issue and focus more on creating beautiful and user-friendly websites.

The new Bootstrap 5 has been released and has seen so many changes. We will be discussing these Bootstrap 5 changes in detail here, and it's importance.

Bootstrap is the most popular front-end framework built to design modern, responsive, and dynamic interfaces for professional design web pages. It was released officially on June 16, 2020. Bootstrap 5 alpha is the latest version, and we are still waiting for a stable one.


Bootstrap 5 significant changes


New look and feel for bootstrap 5

The Bootstrap new version is coming with a new look. They have improved on their doc v4.5.0. Bootstrap doc pages are no longer full width. This helps to improve readability and allow to feel more content-like. The sidebar was also enhanced with Bootstrap expandable section to enable faster navigation. A new logo is also introduced, which embodies the bold B with curly braces.

Bootstrap 5 no jQuery

jQuery has been losing its popularity as most of these modern frameworks work through the virtual DOM and not on the DOM directly, leading to much faster performance and loading speed. Bootstrap has been using jQuery for eight years now and has seen that it is much easier and efficient to discard the technology for better ones. Now bootstrap 5 have changed to vanilla JavaScript, which is far more popular.

Dropping the internet Explorer and using more CSS properties

Thanks to Bootstrap dropping the use of internet Explorer they have been able to use a lot of CSS customer properties. This allows the developer to focus more on designing their desired web page without worrying about old browser supports or a bigger project size.

Enhanced gird system

We can already see a 12 gird column in version 4 of Bootstrap. In bootstrap 5, it comes with an XXL grid which is for screens more than 1400px wide. Also, the Gutter classes were replaced with ‘g-’ utilities, much like margin/padding utilities. ‘gx-’ or ‘gy-*’ can be used to have space between your columns and rows. Additionally, columns are no longer ‘position: relative’ by default.

You can learn more from Bootstrap GitHub here.

New SVG Icon Library

Bootstrap 5 comes with awesome SVG icons which other versions don't have. Before the stable version arrives, you can now use the SVG icons for your project without checking Google for your icons.

Utility API

The utility has become a way to build apps and the web. Bootstrap has decided to include these features in the new bootstrap 5 version by introducing the API utility version. This is a step forward from the previous bootstrap 4, which introduced the global $enable-* classes. This new API utility wiLl makes it possible to create your utility whenever you want while removing or adjusting those provided.

Updated doc.

Bootstrap have switched from their usual documentation static site Jekyll to Hugo. Bootstrap made these changes because of the slow run of Jekyll and the requirement to download ruby. Hugo has none of these problems, and these make it load the website faster.

Conclusion

Bootstrap is expected to release better features in their stable version and provide developers with easy access to tools needed to make your work more artists and mobile-friendly.

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